We apologize for the inconvenience, but your browser is currently not supported by this website. Please try another browser, or install the latest version of your favorite browser below:. Sperm morphology specifically refers to the shape of the sperm, ideally with a single oval shaped head, neck or midpiece and a single tail.
This measures many features of the sperm and semen the fluid in which the sperm are contained. The most important of these are the number of sperm sperm countmotility of the sperm percentage of moving spermmorphology of the sperm percentage of normally shaped spermand the volume of fluid. To assess sperm morphology, the sperm are examined under a microscope and the percentage of abnormally shaped sperm is estimated.
Approximately 15 percent of couples have difficulty conceiving, and in nearly 40 percent of these couples, the male partner is either the sole cause or a contributing cause to infertility. The treatment of male infertility depends upon the underlying cause, which may include no or low sperm count or poor sperm motility movement. While ART have greatly enhanced the ability of couples to conceive, previous studies suggest an increased risk for congenital defects exists in children conceived using this technology as a result of male infertility factors.
A new study seeks to answer a longstanding chicken-or-egg question: do infertility treatments raise the risk of birth defects, or is the risk linked to infertility itself? Researchers suggest both factors may be at play, depending on the type of infertility treatment used. However, another technique in which sperm is directly injected into the egg — intracytoplasmic sperm injection, or ICSI — was associated with an increased risk of birth defects, as was home use of an ovulation stimulation medication.
Skip to: Main Navigation Main Content. There's been a theory that sperm or eggs which have been hanging around for a day or two before fertilisation have a higher risk of producing a baby with either Down's Syndrome or a birth defect. But a recent study has found no evidence to support the theory.
Babies born to women aged 40 and over from assisted reproduction have fewer birth defects compared with those from women who conceive naturally at the same age, according to new research from the University of Adelaide. This is contrary to widespread belief that the greater risk of birth defects after assisted conception is due to the frequent use of these services by older women. The researchers believe this could point to the presence of more favourable biological conditions in IVF in vitro fertilization specific to pregnancies in older women - but they're currently working to determine the exact cause.
Men should not smoke, drink or take unnecessary drugs if they are planning to become fathers to avoid causing health problems for their children, a health expert has warned. Scientists found that toxic chemicals can damage sperm, which then pass altered genes onto babies. In experiments on rats Matthew Anway of the University of Idaho found that some garden chemicals caused problems such as damaged and overgrown prostates, infertility and kidney problems, all of which were present up to four generations later.
When patients come to see Dr. Janelle Dorsett, they know that they are meeting with one of the leading fertility specialists based in Lubbock. She offers detailed male and female infertility information including viable treatment options. We receive a number of questions about sperm morphology and its impact on fertility.
AFTER three decades of efforts to discover how a pregnant woman's environment can affect the health of her fetus, researchers are turning their attention to fathers. The new research, much of it in early stages, suggests that certain substances can cause genetic mutations or other alterations in sperm that lead to permanent defects in children. These include familiar birth defects like heart abnormalities and mental retardation as well as less familiar ones like childhood cancer and learning disorders.
Back to Genetics and stem cells. But this is an opinion piece. We don't know how the researchers selected the evidence they reviewed, and it is possible that not all relevant research was considered. The review should not be taken as firm evidence that there is such a thing as a "male biological clock" and fathers are putting their children at risk by delaying fatherhood until middle age.